Learn All about Periodontics

Dentistry is a wide field of study. Numerous dental conditions require to be addressed with different tact and technique. The different parts of the mouth need to be treated differently. For example, the measure of treatment that works on teeth cannot be applied to the gums. It explains why a dentist near you can refer you to another dental professional for further analysis and examination.

What Is Periodontics?

It is a specialty of dentistry concerned with the periodontal membrane of the mouth, and its surrounding tissue. Most of the oral issues that fall under periodontics have to do with the gum tissue of the mouth. The periodontal membrane makes a big part of the mouth and does a lot to support the teeth. However, without proper care, this part of the mouth is prone to disease and infection that can compromise a person’s oral health.

What Is Treated In Periodontics?

Knowing what the specialty of dentistry is about, you may wonder what exactly a periodontist near you does. Periodontics specializes in treating periodontal diseases. The diseases are otherwise known as gum disease. Gum disease is an oral condition that results from an infection of the gum tissue. The infection of the gum is caused by a buildup of plaque and tartar in the mouth that introduce harmful bacteria. This is often a result of poor oral hygiene.

Gum disease treatment in Broken Arrow, OK is offered for two different stages of gum disease:

  • Gingivitis – This is the initial stage of gum disease. It is when only the gum tissue is infected and is considered mild gum disease. For the most part, gingivitis is easily reversed when treated on time. The only problem is that most people who have gingivitis may not experience signs of gum disease. This is primarily in the early stages. However, with continuous poor oral hygiene, the situation is bound to worsen.
  • Periodontitis – This is a complex case of gum disease. It is an advancement of gingivitis that has been left untreated for a while. Periodontitis causes more oral harm, affecting more than the gum tissue. It affects the teeth as well as the bone structure. The worst cases of periodontitis result in tooth loss. This happens because the infection in the gum tissue penetrates deepen. It forms deep gum pockets that expose the roots of teeth and leave them vulnerable.

What Are The Risk Factors of Gum Disease?

Much as most gum diseases are caused by poor oral hygiene, other things increase the risk of getting the disease. Some include:

  • Tobacco usage – whether you smoke it or chew it, tobacco usage can lead to gum disease.
  • Alcohol usage – excessive consumption of alcohol is not only harmful to your liver. It can cause gum disease, among other oral problems.
  • Hormonal changes – hormonal imbalances, like those caused by pregnancy, can increase the risk of gum disease.
  • Genetics – if it runs in your family, you are likely to get it.

What Are The Warning Signs of Gum Disease?

In the initial stages, it may not be so apparent that you have gum disease. In such a case, only visiting your dentist can let you know about your oral state. The presence of gum disease will often necessitate deep cleaning teeth procedures, among other dental treatments. Some of the warning signs to watch out for include:

  • Bad breath – if your mouth stinks, there is a problem. This should only be an indicative sign if the bad breath does not go away, despite your efforts to fight it. Otherwise, bad breath should wash off after proper brushing and a change in diet.
  • Bleeding gums – the mouth has its own mechanism of controlling bleeding. If your gums are always bleeding, then you need your dentist’s insight. This can be noted, especially when brushing teeth or biting into foods.
  • Loose teeth – if your teeth are wiggling or even growing apart, it is a big sign of gum disease.
  • Receding gums – this is more or less the most common indicator of gum disease. Are your gums moving further away from your teeth? It could be gum disease.

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